Vocational Economics Inc.
Vocational Economics Inc. staff

Articles on Various Disability, Data and Worklife Expectancy Issues

These articles deal with a variety of disability, data, or worklife-related issues.

Bolton, Brian F., James L. Bellini, and Jeffrey B. Brookings.  “Predicting Client Employment Outcomes from Personal History, Functional Limitations, and Rehabilitation Services.”  Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 44(1), Fall 2000, 10-21.

In a study of rehabilitation clients, the authors find that, while personal history makes a robust contribution to predicting employment, specific functional limitations are generally unimportant in predicting employment. 

MacDonald-Wilson, Kim L., E. Sally Rogers, and Joseph Massaro.  "Identifying relationships between functional limitations, job accommodations, and demographic characteristics of persons with psychiatric disabilities."  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 18, 2003, 15-24. 

In a study dealing with psychiatric disability, the authors evaluated four functional limitations (social, emotional, cognitive, and physical), and found that “neither diagnostic category nor type of functional limitation predicted job or employment tenure” (p. 23).     

Mitchell, Judith M., Rodney H. Adkins, and Bryan, J. Kemp.  "The Effects of Aging on Employment of People With and Without Disabilities.”  Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 49(3), 2006, 157-165.

In a study of persons with certain types of physical disability, the authors found that those with a disability had a faster and earlier decline in employment than did those without disability.  College education improved employment rates for younger workers, but did not prevent significant employment loss for persons with disability in their 40s or beyond.

Power, Paul W., David B. Hershenson, and Nancy K. Schlossberg.  "Midlife Transition and Disability."  In Robert P. Marinelli and Arthur E. Dell Orto (Eds.), The Psychological and Social Impact of Disability, (3rd ed., pp. 81-91). New York: Springer.

Midlife transitions are made harder by the presence of a disability.  The authors note the difficulties of aging with a disability and discuss the three domains (competencies, personality, and goals) which interact during a person’s career.  In an adult, the domains are generally in balance, and changes in one will affect the other two.  A midlife disability, however, is likely to affect all three domains simultaneously, and leave fewer strengths from which to draw, thus leaving the person worse off than they would have been without disability.

Stern, Steven.  "Measuring the Effect of Disability on Labor Force Participation."  Journal of Human Resources, 24(3), Summer 1989, 361-395.

The author tests for possible problems with lack of exogeneity in survey data by measuring labor force participation using self-reported disability.  He finds that any potential bias is small and that “the standard disability measures are powerful and reasonably exogenous predictors of labor force participation” (p. 392).


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